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At Harrowgate Hill Primary School, we teach our History and Geography through our Topic themes.


Our programmes of study have been developed to provide pupils with a comprehensive knowledge of Britain’s past and develop their understanding of significant locations in the wider world, and key events in world history.


Through the teaching of History, our aim is to inspire curiosity and equip pupils with the skills to ask insightful questions and develop a judgement based on the sources and arguments available to them. By the end of their Primary years, the children will have developed a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history.


In Geography, children are interested and curious about the world around them. We equip children with knowledge about diverse places, resources, and both natural and human environments. We develop a deeper understanding of the Earth’s physical and human processes and the formation of different environments. The children’s geographical knowledge allows them to examine the connections between the Earth’s features and how these too change over time.

 Here's what KS1 and KS2 are up this year:




Where we live

Events in history


  • Our family
  • Using language of time
  • Darlington's history of trains over time

Journeys around the world


  • Using simple timelines of our day
  • Talking about past and present events in our own lives and in the lives of others, including Tim Peake, Neil Armstrong, and explorers Scott and Hillary





  • Understanding changes in our lifetime
  • Key roles people have in society, both present and past
Year 1

All about Me

Florence Nightingale


  • Timeline of our lives
  • Introduction to where we live
  • Who was Florence Nightingale and why is she important



  • Making comparisons between old and new toys
  • Looking for clues within artefacts



Local Area


  • Historical Darlington
  • Using maps





Year 2



  • Darlington railway and George Stephenson
  • Amelia Earhart's journey across the sea
  • Aerial photographs

Amazing Africa


  • Climates around the world
  • Human and physical features
  • Role of the monarch
  • Kingdoms of West Africa
  • Nelson Mandela

The Scented Garden


  • Using maps to explore the UK
  • Aerial photographs
  • Weather patterns
Year 3

 Stone Age to the Iron Age


  • Life in the Stone Age
  • Cave art
  • Diet and hunter-gatherers to farmers
  • Tools
  • Homes and how they changed over time

Darlington, Now and Then


  • Naming and locating cities in the UK
  • Understanding how a country is run 
  • Weather conditions
  • Historical Darlington



Ancient Egypt


  • Hunter-gatherers to farmers
  • Homes of the rich and poor
  • Everyday life in Ancient Egypt
  • Ritual of mummification
  • Tutankhamun


Year 4



  • Control of the Roman empire
  • Roman army
  • Roman rulers - Caesar and Claudius
  • The Celts and Boudicca
  • Hadrian's Wall and settlements
  • Legacy





    Unfortunate Events


    • The Great Plague and how it changed history
    • The Titanic and its legacy
    • Life in the trenches
    • Historical enquiry project
    • Under the earth - earthquakes and volcanoes

    Ancient Greece


    • Empire and democracy
    • City-states - Sparta and Athens
    • Alexander the Great
    • Ancient and Modern Day Olympics
    • Legacy



      Year 5

      Industrial Revolution


      • Rich and poor
      • Agriculture
      • Child labour
      • Power
      • Transport and George Stephenson 


      Saxons and Vikings


      • Kingdoms and settlements
      • Burial and traditions
      • War and weaponry
      • Mystery of Sutton Hoo
      • Alfred the Great


      The Mayans


      • Comparison of Mesoamerica with the UK
      • How Maya civilisation developed over time
      • City-states
      • Everyday life for the Mayans
      • Spanish invasion of Mayan lands
      • Impact of deforestation on the rainforests
      Year 6

      World War 2


      • Adolf Hitler
      • Evacuees
      • Rationing
      • The Blitz




      Crime and Punishment


      • Exploring crime and punishment over different periods
      • Law and law makers
      • Comparisons between historical and modern-day crime



      The Tudors


      • Exploring the Tudors - Henry VIII, Elizabeth I, Mary I, Charles I
      • Spanish Armada
      • Guy Fawkes
      • Civil war
      • Oliver Cromwell
      • Legacy of the Tudors